The Double Standards of Hijab and Women's Freedom: Comparing the Pahlavi Era and the Islamic Republic of Iran
This post explores the double standards of hijab and women's freedom in Iran, comparing women's rights in the Pahlavi era with the Islamic Republic, and discussing the challenges they face today
In this blog post, we discuss the double standards and contradictions in the Islamic Republic of Iran's policies regarding the hijab and women's freedom. Furthermore, we compare the status of women's rights during the Pahlavi era with those in the Islamic Republic of Iran. We also examine issues such as sexual assaults in IRGC prisons and the social and educational limitations imposed on women during this period.
During the Pahlavi era, Iranian women gradually gained significant rights and achievements. However, after the Islamic Revolution and the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran, many of these rights and achievements were gradually lost. In recent statements, Iran's Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Khamenei, has defended the mandatory hijab and criticized those who question it. This blog post criticizes Khamenei's opinion on the hijab and elaborates on the double standards he has regarding the hijab and freedom.
In the Pahlavi era, Iranian women gained some progressive rights, such as the right to vote in 1963, social security laws ensuring legal equality for men and women in the workplace, the right to divorce, and increased educational access and opportunities for girls and women. These efforts led to a rise in educated women with higher degrees in Iranian society.
In contrast, after the Islamic Revolution, many of these rights were restricted or eliminated. The hijab became mandatory for women, which limited their freedom to choose their appearance. Women faced increased occupational restrictions and limitations on educational access, including being barred from certain fields of study. Additionally, family laws changed in favor of men, limiting women's rights in cases of divorce, child custody, and dowry.
The double standards and contradictions in the Islamic Republic's policies regarding the hijab and women's freedom demonstrate a lack of alignment with the needs and expectations of Iranian women. To achieve a progressive and democratic society, it is essential to genuinely respect women's rights and freedoms and avoid discriminatory policies. Both the government and the people should work together to amend laws that disregard women's rights and promote a culture that views gender differences as opportunities for collaboration and complementing each other, rather than sources of discrimination and segregation.
In conclusion, Iranian women's rights have regressed in many aspects since the Islamic Revolution, and it is crucial to address the double standards and contradictions in policies related to women's freedom and the hijab. By recognizing and respecting women's rights, Iranian society can move towards a more progressive and inclusive future where both men and women can work together in building a free and advanced country.